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Commonly used Substitutions

Ingredient

Quantity

Substitute

Baking Powder

1 tsp double acting

1/4 tsp baking soda + 1/2 cup buttermilk or

Baking Powder

1 tsp double acting

1/4 tsp baking soda + 1/2 tsp cream of tartar

Butter

1 cup

1 cup margarine or

Butter

1 cup

7/8 cup lard + 1/2 tsp salt

Chocolate

1 ounce

3 Tbsp cocoa + 1 Tbsp shortening

Corn Starch (for thickening)

1 Tbsp

2 Tbsp flour

Cream

1 cup

1/2 cup butter + 3/4 cup milk

Egg

1 whole

2 egg yolks

Flour

1 cup all purpose

1 cup + 2 Tbsp cake flour

Flour

1 cup cake flour

7/8 cup all purpose flour

Flour

1 cup self-rising Flour

1 cup flour (omit baking powder & salt)

Garlic

1 small clove

1/8 tsp garlic powder

Herbs

1 Tbsp fresh

1 tsp dried

Honey

1 cup

1 1/4 cups sugar + 1/4 cup liquid

Milk, fresh whole

1 cup

1 cup reconstituted dry milk + 2 tsp butter

Milk, whole

1 cup

1/2 cup evaporated milk + 1/2 cup water

Milk, sour

1 cup

1 Tbsp lemon juice or vinegar + sweet milk to make 1 cup

Minced Dry Onion (hydrated)

1 Tbsp instant

1 small fresh onion

Molasses

1 cup

1 cup honey

Mustard, prepared

1 Tbsp

1 tsp dry mustard

Ricotta Cheese

1 cup

1 cup cottage cheese + 1 Tbsp skim milk

Sour Cream

1 cup

1 cup yogurt

Sugar, Brown

1 cup

3/4 cup granulated sugar + 1/4 cup molasses

Sugar, Powdered

1 1/3 cups

1 cup granulated sugar

Yogurt

1 cup

1 cup buttermilk

 

rev. 1/14

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