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Metric Units and Their Equivalents

The metric system of measurement is a very organized system which is based on multiples of ten. For cooking, the three basic metric units are the liter, gram, and meter. All other units are derived from these by adding a prefix to the basic unit.

Metric Prefixes

PREFIX

VALUE

kilo

1000

hecto

100

deca

10

deci

1/10

centi

1/100

milli

1/1000

To find the value of the unit, just multiply the value of the prefix by the base unit.

1 kilogram = kilo x 1 gram = 1000 grams

1 centimeter = centi x 1 meter = 1/100th of a meter or 0.01 meters

3 milliliters = milli x 3 liters = 1/1000 x 3 liters = 3/1000 liters or 0.003 liters

Volume Measurements

 

milliliter

centiliter

deciliter

liter

decaliter

hectoliter

1 milliliter =

1

0.1

0.01

0.001

0.0001

0.00001

1 centiliter =

10

1

0.1

0.01

0.001

0.0001

1 deciliter =

100

10

1

0.1

0.01

0.001

1 liter =

1000

100

10

1

0.1

0.01

1 decaliter =

10000

1000

100

10

1

0.1

1 hectoliter =

100000

10000

1000

100

10

1

Weight

 

milligram

centigram

decigram

gram

decagram

hectogram

kilogram

1 milligram =

1

0.1

0.01

0.001

0.0001

0.00001

0.000001

1 centigram =

10

1

0.1

0.01

0.001

0.0001

0.00001

1 decigram =

100

10

1

0.1

0.01

0.001

0.0001

1 gram =

1000

100

10

1

0.1

0.01

0.001

1 decagram =

10000

1000

100

10

1

0.1

0.01

1 hectogram =

100000

10000

1000

100

10

1

0.1

1 kilogram =

1000000

100000

10000

1000

100

10

1

Length

 

millimeter

centimeter

decimeter

meter

decameter

hectometer

kilometer

1 millimeter =

1

0.1

0.01

0.001

0.0001

0.00001

0.000001

1 centimeter =

10

1

0.1

0.01

0.001

0.0001

0.00001

1 decimeter =

100

10

1

0.1

0.01

0.001

0.0001

1 meter =

1000

100

10

1

0.1

0.01

0.001

1 decameter =

10000

1000

100

10

1

0.1

0.01

1 hectometer =

100000

10000

1000

100

10

1

0.1

1 kilometer =

1000000

100000

10000

1000

100

10

1

rev. 1/14

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